Photography: Jesús Granada (+info).
The national ideas competition, launched by the “Colegio Oficial de Arquitctos” and “ayuntamento de Málaga”, tried to resolve the corner of a block in the historical neighbourhood of “Trinidad-Perchel”, the first block outside the city.
The project, selected as winner, have proposed some simple flats and a shop which take advantage of the corner of one of the most important square of the neighbourhood.
The material’s choice like the lime mortar, a local stone and the wood follow the traditional work’s method but with a new language and satisfying, at the same time, some esthetical restriction of the Trinidad-Perchel special plan.
Following some important project features:
The first objective of the proposal is the resolution of the maximum number of dwellings in a simple way basing the project on compositional and constructive simplicity. This way, five houses (one on the ground floor), a shop and five storage rooms are conceived, all distributed from a staircase + elevator central core.
The dwellings include a wet core, bathroom + kitchen, attached to the dividing wall, optimizing the vertical installations and leaving the living spaces on the façade.
The ground floor is divided into two levels to ensure the privacy of the home and the correct access to the shop. This existing gap between the gateway and the dwelling on the ground floor is bridged by the bi-directional lift. Moreover, the elevator for 8 people stops at each floor, even at the floor under the roof.
Five storages are distributed on the floor under the roof. It provides an additional storage space for each dwelling, which we consider necessary due to the small size of them.
The façade seeks a simple solution of vertical holes, as required by the regulations, where the expression is carried out with a set of shutters in continuous movement.
The choice of a simple and efficient building system is the main quality of this construction. A concrete structure, a traditional façade and a simple ceramic cover trust in an economical and technical solution.
The most important passive considerations are the placement of perforated shutters that control the sunlight and air; the creation of a ventilated floor under cover that improves the thermal insulation of the roof; the choice of a traditional enclosure of high thermal mass and the design of façades that minimize solar radiation. On the other hand, the significant active considerations are the installation of solar panels for hot water on the sloping roofs and the optional installation of a waste water network that collects water from washing machines and showers for the use in tanks.
The project has a double aim of integration in the urban environment. It makes use of traditional building systems and preserves the volume while trusting in a strong expressiveness with the shutter system and the careful choice of pavements, which highlight the historical character of the building.