CENTRO DEL OBSERVATORIO MEDIOAMBIENTAL (ENVIRONMENTAL OBSERVATORY)
This is a new concept of sustainable architecture that combines energy efficiency and a closed life cycle. Based on a structure of reused shipping containers, a dense insulating envelope and various renewable energy production systems, and architecture is achieved that not only minimises CO₂ emissions throughout its useful life, achieving maximum energy certification A, but also minimising the energy and waste generated during its construction and subsequent dismantling, closing the life cycle from its creation to its destruction.
Energy efficiency is based on the energy balance of the building, starting from the following principle: “The best energy is that which is not consumed”. A thick thermal envelope is proposed, which, together with a green roof, reduces energy losses and minimises the impact of external radiation. The ventilation system through a buried geothermal collector provides up to 10º C of thermal jump without energy expenditure, implemented by natural cross ventilation to guarantee conditions of comfort. Lighting is resolved with low-consumption sources and photovoltaic and small wind turbine production systems. Water management is another important aspect, with the recycling of rainwater for irrigation and the collection of greywater for use in cisterns.
The life cycle goes beyond the concept of recycling, proposing two lines: one reusing materials that have completed their useful life, such as shipping containers, OSD wood panels, refurbished pavements, etc., and the other involving products whose manufacturing processes are not polluting, such as natural mineral wool, etc. All this with the maximum guarantee of recycling.